Spiders are active year round, but people tend to notice them more during the winter. Here is some information about identifying 4 common types of spiders in our area.
Hobo spiders are named for their presumed method of “hitching rides with humans” along major highways. Their coloring is light to medium brown with a dark center stripe surrounded by lighter midline stripes. They may be found in almost any habitat containing holes, cracks, or crevices which support the formation of their funnel webs. They usually only bite defensively.
Wolf spiders do not hunt with webs. They chase their prey using their fast running ability. Coloration is usually dark brown with paler stripes or markings. Although they enter structures in search of prey, they are not inclined to be permanent residents. They are active nocturnal hunters and usually rest in sheltered places during the day. Because they feed on a variety of insects, wolf spiders are beneficial to people!
Brown recluse spiders are also known as fiddleback or violin spiders because of the characteristic markings on their backs. Their coloration is typically light to dark brown. Females spin irregular webs in undisturbed areas. When they are found inside, they usually inhabit garages, attics, and basements; outside, they are typically found around rocks, utility boxes, and woodpiles. These spiders are commonly found in clutter, so it’s important to shake out seldomly worn sweaters and check boxes that are left undisturbed for long periods of time. Both male and female spider bites can be venomous.
Black widows are probably the most well known of all. Young spiders are primarily orange and white but acquire their black coloration as they mature. Females have the characteristic red hourglass on their abdomen. These spiders favor dry, dark protected locations in which to build their irregular webs. Indoors, they can be found in garages, basements, and crawl spaces; outdoors, they can be found under stones and decks, firewood piles, barns, and sheds. Bites are rare and usually defensive. Seek proper medical treatment if bitten.
Prevention for all of these spiders is similar. Seak cracks and crevices outside your home to prevent spiders from coming inside. Make sure that screens on doors and windows are properly sealed and have no holes. Reduce clutter in and around your home. Avoid storing clothing or shoes on the floor. Shake out clothes and shoes that have been stored for long periods. Stack firewood 20 feet from your home and inspect logs before bringing them inside. If you have any further questions about spiders, please contact us. And don’t forget to Like us on Facebook and Follow us on Instagram!